Analysis will be undertaken of cultural materials such as stone tools and animal bones to provide information on past cultural activities within sites and across the Jawoyn landscape and beyond. For example, the stone used for stone tools can be sourced to their original quarries or general locations, stone coming from different areas enabling us to understand past trade relations and human movements across the landscape. Study of the technology, raw materials, and functions of excavated stone artefacts allow understanding of changing stone-working practices through time and how to relate these to the rock art style sequence (e.g. in depictions of stone-tipped spears). Comparisons with other regional stone working sequences will also be made to investigate outside relations.